Chinese Medical Journal

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 131  |  Issue : 19  |  Page : 2277--2286

Feasibility Analysis of Oxygen-Glucose Deprivation-Nutrition Resumption on H9c2 Cells In vitro Models of Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury


Gui-Zhen Yang, Fu-Shan Xue, Ya-Yang Liu, Hui-Xian Li, Qing Liu, Xu Liao 
 Department of Anesthesiology, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100144, China

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Fu-Shan Xue
Department of Anesthesiology, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, 33 Ba-Da-Chu Road, Shi-Jing-Shan District, Beijing 100144
China

Background: Oxygen-glucose deprivation-nutrition resumption (OGD-NR) models on H9c2 cells are commonly used in vitro models of simulated myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI), but no study has assessed whether these methods for establishing in vitro models can effectively imitate the characteristics of MIRI in vivo. This experiment was designed to analyze the feasibility of six OGD-NR models of MIRI. Methods: By searching the PubMed database using the keywords “myocardial reperfusion injury H9c2 cells,” we obtained six commonly used OGD-NR in vitro models of MIRI performed on H9c2 cells from more than 400 published papers before January 30, 2017. For each model, control (C), simulated ischemia (SI), and simulated ischemia-reperfusion (SIR) groups were assigned, and cell morphology, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels, reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and inflammatory cytokines were examined to evaluate the characteristics of cell injury. Subsequently, a coculture system of cardiomyocyte-endothelial-macrophage was constructed. The coculture system was dealt with SI and SIR treatments to test the effect on cardiomyocytes survival. Results: For models 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, SI treatment caused morphological damage to cells, and subsequent SIR treatment did not cause further morphological damage. In the models 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, LDH release was significantly higher in the SI groups than that in the C group (P < 0.05), and was significantly lower in the SIR groups than that in the SI groups (P < 0.05), except for no significant differences in the LDH release between C, SI and SIR groups in model 6 receiving a 3-h SI treatment. In models 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, compared with the C group, ATP levels of the SI groups significantly decreased (P < 0.05), ROS levels increased (P < 0.05), and MMP levels decreased (P < 0.05). Compared with the SI group, ATP level of the SIR groups was significantly increased (P < 0.05), and there was no significant ROS production, MMP collapse, and over inflammatory response in the SIR groups. In a coculture system of H9c2 cells-endothelial cells-macrophages, the proportion of viable H9c2 cells in the SIR groups was not reduced compared with the SI groups. Conclusion: All the six OGD-NR models on H9c2 cells in this experiment can not imitate the characteristics of MIRI in vivo and are not suitable for MIRI-related study.


How to cite this article:
Yang GZ, Xue FS, Liu YY, Li HX, Liu Q, Liao X. Feasibility Analysis of Oxygen-Glucose Deprivation-Nutrition Resumption on H9c2 Cells In vitro Models of Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury.Chin Med J 2018;131:2277-2286


How to cite this URL:
Yang GZ, Xue FS, Liu YY, Li HX, Liu Q, Liao X. Feasibility Analysis of Oxygen-Glucose Deprivation-Nutrition Resumption on H9c2 Cells In vitro Models of Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury. Chin Med J [serial online] 2018 [cited 2018 Oct 16 ];131:2277-2286
Available from: http://www.cmj.org/article.asp?issn=0366-6999;year=2018;volume=131;issue=19;spage=2277;epage=2286;aulast=Yang;type=0